Fun thumb & finger guards to help stop thumb sucking

The Problems with Thumb Sucking

We’re guessing that, like many other parents, you are concerned about your child’s thumb sucking habit. The act is very natural for a child and many children start as early as when they are in the womb. You may be concerned if it is harmful, at what age should they stop or what could be the long-term effects if they don’t stop.

At least you can be rest assured that sucking is one of an infant’s natural reflexes. Infants and young children may suck on thumbs, fingers, pacifiers or other objects. It makes them feel secure and happy, some children also do it when they are bored.

However, research has shown that there are a number of problems with thumb sucking and finger sucking in children. If the act of digit sucking is prolonged, this may cause issues with the growth of the mouth and the alignment of teeth. It also can cause changes in the roof of the mouth (palate) and can cause speech problems.

Many children stop sucking their thumbs on their own sometime between the ages of 2 and 4. For older children who continue to suck their thumbs, peer pressure at school can often end the habit. However 15 per cent are still sucking at the age of four, we have had many 12 year olds using Thumbsie® fabric thumb guards to help them.

Remember, though, even a child who’s successfully stopped sucking his or her thumb, by what ever means, might revert to the behavior when he or she is stressed or anxious, so it’s worth keeping an eye on this.

Although some parents are keen for their child to stop thumb sucking, before it becomes too much of a habit, it isn’t usually a concern, experts say, until a child’s permanent teeth start to come through.

If you are reading this page then you, like so many others, are probably worried about the long-term effects of continuous and vigorous digit sucking.

Problems may arise if the act is prolonged. According to research the possible effects of thumb sucking for children after the age of three/four are:

  •     Improperly aligned teeth that have been pushed outward and upward
  •     Lower front teeth can move inward
  •     Open bite where the upper and lower front teeth do not meet
  •     Speech problems such as lisping, imprecise pronunciation and thrusting out the tongue when talking
  •     Problems chewing
  •     Chapped skin: Constantly sucking on a thumb may cause irritated and dry skin or nail infections

Once the habit has stopped, natural improvement of the teeth can occur within 6 months.  If the habit stops before the adult teeth are starting to develop (age 7/8) then your child is unlikely to experience any problems. According to experts, these children will be lucky enough to not have caused any long-term damage to their teeth.

The American Academy of Pediatrics says treatment is usually limited to children who continue thumb sucking after the age of five.

If you notice changes in your child’s baby teeth, or are concerned about your child’s thumb sucking you should consult your dentist. We asked three dentists to give their views on thumb sucking and the effects on the teeth They have also said why they recommend Thumbsies®.

You can read more about the problems with thumb sucking by clicking on these links.

The British Orthodontic Society have a pdf leaflet that you can download on dummy and thumb sucking habits.

Read more from the American Dental Association

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